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早餐和心脏健康(原译)字体[ ] 颜色[ 绿 ]
分类:其它  创建于:2013-08-13 被查看:1022次 [收藏:日记|作者] [评论]

(注:最近在做一些翻译方面的工作。以后将Post一些自己的原译文章。欢迎有相同兴趣的朋友多交流。--- 译者 白山译舍) 

早餐和心脏健康


根据美国的研究者的研究显示,人们应该吃早餐,以便让他们的心脏保持良好的状态。发表在《循环》杂志上的这个有27千人参与的研究表明,那些不吃早餐的人有更大的风险患上心脏方面的疾病。


哈佛公共卫生学院的这个研究团队说,不吃早餐,会给身体增添额外的紧张。英国心脏基金会说早餐会帮助人们抵挡午餐前含糖量高的零食。参与这个研究的男性,年龄在45-82岁间,这项研究持续了16年。在此期间,发生了1500多例心脏病或者致命的心脏衰竭。但是,不吃早餐的人比吃早餐的人患心脏病的可能性多27%

该项目研究者们对于其它一些影响心脏病的生活习惯中的风险因子,比如吸烟和锻炼,作了调整。研究者丽-卡希尔博士告诉BBC说:关键信息是你早晨起来的时候最好在一小时内进餐。我们的研究显示吃比不吃好,但是通常是吃点健康和均衡的食品更好。她说早餐的时间似乎是关键因素,等到午餐而不吃快速的早餐可能会在长时间内使身体紧张。她说这样可能会增加一系列病的风险,比如高血压、肥胖症以及糖尿病,从而因为这些病而损毁心脏。

 “不要不吃早餐。卡希尔博士下结论道。英国心脏基金会的营养师维多利亚-泰勒说:这些研究者仅仅看了45岁以上的男性,所以我们需要看看进一步的研究,在其他人群上,是否能证明早餐对心脏有着同样的关系。不过我们确实知道,一个健康的填饱肚子的早餐能让早晨中出现的饼干没那么诱人,而且也会给你更多的机会去丰富你进餐时食物的种类。全麦土司,或者五谷粥加上低脂牛奶,是开始一天生活不错的办法。尝试再加一点香蕉片或干果的话,那么你还没从家门出发就上了一天五次瓜果的健康之路。”

 

原文:

Breakfast linked to 'healthy heart'

Could a bowl of cereal help your heart? People should eat breakfast to keep their hearts in good condition, according to researchers in the US. Their study of 27,000 men, in the journal Circulation, showed those skipping breakfast were at a greater risk of heart problems. 

The team at the Harvard School of Public Health said missing the meal put an "extra strain" on the body. The British Heart Foundation said breakfast helped people resist sugary snacks before lunch. The men, aged 45-82, were studied for 16 years.  During that time there were more than 1,500 heart attacks or cases of fatal heart failure.  However, people who skipped breakfast were 27% more likely to have heart problems than those who started the day with a meal.

The researchers adjusted for other lifestyle risk factors such as smoking and exercise. Researcher, Dr Leah Cahill told the BBC: "The take-home message is eat in the morning when you wake up, preferably within an hour. The results show that something is better than nothing, but it's always better to have something healthy and balanced.” She said the timing of the meal seemed to be key and waiting until lunch rather than "breaking fast" may be straining the body over time. She said this could be increasing the risk of high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes which could in turn damage the heart.

"Don't skip breakfast," Dr Cahill concluded. Victoria Taylor, a dietitian with the British Heart Foundation, said:  "These researchers only looked at men aged over 45, so we would need to see further research to confirm that breakfast has the same impact on the heart health of other groups of people. What we do know is that a healthy and filling breakfast can make that mid-morning biscuit less tempting, as well as giving you another opportunity to widen the variety of foods in your diet. Wholegrain toast, or cereals like porridge with low fat milk are a good way to start the day. Try a sliced banana or dried fruit on top and you'll be on your way to five-a-day before you've even left the house."


※ 来源: http://www.JiaoYou8.com ※
 
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